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About the novel coronavirus

About the novel coronavirus

  • Since December 2019, reports have been made of cases of pneumonia linked to a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, Hubei Province, the People’s Republic of China. Cases of infection have been reported around the world, centered on China.
  • Since February this year, the novel coronavirus has been classified as a legally designated infectious disease, affecting physician disease reporting, active epidemiological investigations and the provision of medical care for infected patients.

About coronaviruses

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses affecting animals and humans that cause widespread infectious diseases. Six types are currently known to cause infectious disease in humans, but apart from SARS-CoV (Severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, which both cause severe respiratory illness, most do not cause symptoms beyond that of a regular cold.

Requests to citizens

The novel coronavirus is not currently recognized as being prevalent in Japan. Please take basic disease-prevention measures, as you would for influenza, such as washing your hands thoroughly and observing cough etiquette.

Those who have come from Wuhan, or been in contact with someone who has, and have a cough or high fever are requested to wear a mask and visit a medical facility, after contacting the facility in advance. Furthermore, please inform the medical facility before you visit that you have spent time in Wuhan or have been in contact with someone who has.

Tips for disease prevention
Handwashing, cough etiquette and disinfection

The same disease prevention methods used against seasonal influenza, such as handwashing and cough etiquette, are effective against the novel coronavirus.

  •  Wash your hands frequently. After going outside or coughing, wash your hands thoroughly before touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
  •  Practice cough etiquette by covering your mouth or nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. To avoid infecting other people, wear a surgical mask and stay away from crowded areas.
  •  Wipe objects which people often touch with their fingers, such as doorknobs, using a paper towel wet with disinfectant. Sodium chlorite (diluted as instructed on the product packaging) and ethanol disinfectants are effective.

If you are experiencing symptoms after travelling from Wuhan, China

If you have a fever, are coughing/sneezing, or have other respiratory symptoms within two weeks of travelling from Wuhan, please wear a surgical mask and contact a health center near you as soon as possible before going to receive treatment from a medical facility. Be sure to mention your history of overseas travel.

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